Liver tumors in dogs can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). The most common type of liver cancer in dogs is hepatocellular carcinoma. Some liver tumors are primary, meaning they originate in the liver, while others are secondary or metastatic, meaning they spread to the liver from another area of the body.
Symptoms of liver tumors in dogs can vary widely and may include:
- Loss of Appetite/Weight Loss: Dogs may lose their appetite and experience weight loss.
- Lethargy/Weakness: Dogs may become less active, appear weak, or tire easily.
- Vomiting or Diarrhea: Digestive disturbances can occur due to liver dysfunction.
- Abdominal Swelling: As the tumor grows, it can cause the abdomen to appear swollen or distended.
- Jaundice: This is a yellowing of the skin, gums, and whites of the eyes that occurs when the liver is not properly processing bilirubin.
- Increased Thirst and Urination: Changes in drinking and urination can occur if liver disease is affecting the body’s ability to balance fluids and electrolytes.
- Bleeding Disorders: The liver is involved in clotting, so liver disease can lead to symptoms like nosebleeds, bruising easily, or blood in the stool or vomit.
As for treatment, it largely depends on the type of tumor and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.
Surgery: If the tumor is localized and the dog is otherwise healthy, surgical removal of the tumor or the affected part of the liver can be an option.
Chemotherapy: If the tumor is malignant and particularly if it has spread, chemotherapy may be recommended. There are different drugs and protocols that can be used.
Targeted Therapies: In some cases, targeted treatments like embolization or chemoembolization, which aim to cut off the blood supply to the tumor or deliver chemotherapy directly to the tumor, can be options.
Supportive Care: This can include medications to manage symptoms, like anti-nausea drugs, appetite stimulants, pain relievers, and medications to support liver function.
TCMVET Baituxiao is beneficial to the resolution and contraction of dog liver tumors, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.
It inhibits tumor growth and metastasis and helps regulate cancer cell apoptosis. Soften tumors, reduce inflammation and relieve pain, and help tumors to stop bleeding.