Hair Loss in Dogs: Causes and Treatment


Getting a dog is fantastic but it is also a huge responsibility. They will definitely keep you company all the time but there’s something you should also be willing to live with, that’s right, Fur everywhere.  


Hair loss in dogs is a common condition that affects dogs of all breeds and ages. It can be caused by a variety of factors and certain medical conditions. This condition isn’t just a matter of aesthetics – your dog’s fur plays a crucial role in allowing them to regulate their body temperature, and hair loss may also point to deeper issues that can affect your dog’s quality of life. Whether you’ve got a house dog like a Dachshund or a hardy working breed, it’s a good idea to take hair loss seriously.



Causes of Hair Loss in Dogs


Dogs may experience excessive shedding due to emotional or physical stress. Examples include moving to a new home, being separated from their owners for long periods of time, changes in routine or environment (like introducing a new pet or baby into the house), or being exposed to loud noises or harsh weather conditions. 


If you notice your dog’s fur is thinning out more than normal, try reducing their stress levels as much as possible by providing comfort and reassurance.


Many dogs suffer from environmental allergies such as pollen or mould spores which can cause them to lose hair when they come into contact with these allergens. You may also see patches of missing fur around the ears, eyes and face if your dog has food allergies or sensitivities to certain ingredients in their diet. 

To prevent further hair loss due to allergies try changing your dog’s diet to one that contains fewer potential allergens, or consider trying an elimination diet if necessary. You should also talk to your vet about other treatment options such as antihistamines or corticosteroids if needed.

Hormonal Imbalances

Hormones play an important role in regulating a variety of bodily functions including skin health and hair growth – so any fluctuations could lead to excessive shedding in dogs. Common hormone-related causes of hair loss include hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and Cushing’s disease (an overactive adrenal gland). 

If you suspect your dog is suffering from either condition it’s important you take them for a checkup with your vet right away so they can begin the appropriate treatment plan based on their diagnosis — usually involving medication and dietary changes.


Parasites like fleas and ticks can cause irritation which leads to excessive scratching that can pull out clumps of fur from your dog’s coat – leaving behind bald patches on their skin surface instead. To prevent this from happening, use flea preventatives such as collars or regular topical treatments. 

Keep up with regular grooming appointments where any existing parasites can be removed quickly before they cause too much damage, and make sure you inspect their coat at least once every week for any signs of unusual bumps/spots that could indicate an infestation has occurred. 

Nutritional Deficiencies

Just like humans need essential vitamins and minerals for healthy skin and hair growth – so do our four-legged friends! If they are not getting enough nutrients through their diet then they may start losing fur prematurely due to nutrient deficiency related issues. Some examples are alopecia X (which causes patchy baldness) or zinc responsive dermatosis (which results in brittle hairs). 

To ensure optimal nutrition levels, feed your dog high quality food that is rich in proteins, fats, vitamins and minerals – don’t don’t forget the occasional treat.

Medical Conditions

Certain illnesses and autoimmune disorders can all contribute towards increased shedding in dogs. It’s important that you have them checked out by a professional if you notice any severe changes in their coat. Your vet will be able to diagnose the problem accurately before prescribing the most appropriate treatment plan depending on what type of underlying medical issue is present. 

Treating Hair Loss in Dogs

Fortunately, there are several treatments available to help restore your dog’s coat and keep it healthy.

Medicated Shampoos

One of the first steps when treating hair loss in dogs is to use a medicated shampoo. These products contain ingredients that are known to help reduce inflammation and itching associated with certain skin conditions. Additionally, medicated shampoos can help remove any bacteria or fungi that could be contributing to hair loss. 

It’s important to follow the instructions on the package carefully and use the shampoo as directed by your veterinarian for best results.

Dietary Supplements

Certain nutritional deficiencies can lead to hair loss in dogs, so adding dietary supplements can be helpful in managing this condition. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties and can be beneficial for reducing skin irritation. 

Zinc is also an essential mineral for healthy skin and fur growth; zinc supplements can be found at most pet supply stores or online retailers. Additionally, biotin has been linked with improved coat quality and growth; it’s often included in multivitamin formulations specifically designed for pets.

Topical Medications

Corticosteroids are often prescribed by veterinarians to treat inflammation associated with hair loss in dogs. Topical corticosteroid creams or ointments can be applied directly onto affected areas of skin; they work by suppressing inflammation and reducing itching sensations caused by allergies or other irritants. 

While these medications are generally safe when used as directed, it’s important to monitor your dog closely while using them since long-term use or overuse of corticosteroids can cause serious side effects like weight gain or altered behaviour patterns. 


In some cases, surgery may be recommended if a physical abnormality is causing your dog’s hair loss problem. For example, surgical removal of tumours or cysts that interfere with normal hair growth may allow new fur to grow more freely once again. 

Surgery may be used to treat hormone imbalances that lead to alopecia (partial or complete hair loss). Surgical procedures vary depending on the underlying cause; your veterinarian will discuss all available options with you before recommending any type of surgical intervention for your pet’s condition. 

In addition to medical treatments, there are a few lifestyle modifications you can make at home to help treat your dog’s hair loss: 

  • Brush your dog’s coat regularly using a soft-bristled brush 
  • Feed your pet a balanced diet rich in essential vitamins and minerals 
  • Try adding omega-3 fatty acids into their diet 
  • Keep fleas and other parasites away with flea prevention products 
  • Avoid exposing them to extreme temperatures which could further irritate their skin 

Hair loss can be an unsettling experience for any pet owner, but the good news is that there are many effective treatments available for restoring your dog’s coat back to its original glory. With proper medical treatment and lifestyle modifications, you should be able to get your dog’s fur looking healthy again. 


Related posts